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As a young man, Polycarp had been a personal disciple of John and had observed the Passover with him on several occasions. The preserved history of the Sabbath-keeping Church of God has been almost entirely written by its enemies who viewed it as heretical (Ogwyn J. Throughout Christian history, the true church has normally used a version of the expression “Church of God” (or Church of Christ, cf. Zenit, October 15, 2015 Truth, and not what is "merely fashionable," must guide Christians as they enter into dialogue with those who hold different philosophies or religious beliefs, Pope Benedict XVI said..."People were created by God, who is truth, in order to find truth and not to settle for "the myths of custom, cultural habits or the fashion of the moment," he said. Contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3, NKJV), Let brotherly love (Philadelphia) continue (Hebrews 13:1)…continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles (Acts YLT)... The combination "the Catholic Church" (he katholike ekklesia) is found for the first time in the letter of St. But by the fourth century, Catholic became recognized as the name for what we know commonly know as the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches--even though they no longer held to the practices of the Smyrnaeans that Ignatius wrote to, when he used it originally. Nor is there any indication that the true Church should be forever based out of a single city or from Rome... But contrariwise when they had seen that to me was committed the Gospel of the prepuce, as to Peter of the circumcision 8. Still others..called 'Quartodecimans", because they wanted Easter to always be on the quartodecima die, the fourteenth day, of the Jewish month of Nisan, when Passover is. In fact, whole segments of Christianity split with the Church over this issue (Johnson, Kevin Orlin. To these things all the Asiatic Churches testify, as do also those men who have succeeded Polycarp down to the present time (Irenaeus. Book III, Chapter 4, Verse 3 and Chapter 3, Verse 4). More about the practices of the Smyrnaeans is included in the article Location of the Early Church: Another Look at Ephesus, Smyrna, and Rome. Sabbath-keeping in Asia Minor was publicly still going on to at least 364 A. or else the Eastern Church would not have convened a Council in Laodicea to excommunicate any who rested on the seventh day as it declared, CANON XXIX. We must come to God acknowledging our sin with no excuses, and recognizing our utter lack of self-sufficiency to transform ourselves. It is true that Catholics do not think that revelation ended with what is in the New Testament. John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York ) In other words, even the rosary, one of the foundations of Catholic living, is admitted to have entered the Catholic world through "private revelation"--a tradition outside the Bible (the rosary "revelation" was supposedly given to "St. As commonly divided, it is a collection of 66 books, with 39 from the Hebrew scriptures (The Old Testament Canon) and 27 from the Greek Scriptures (The New Testament Canon). II, Question lxxi), and was adopted by the Council of Trent... This is the first and the great commandment" (Matthew ). (A Treatise concerning Antichrist, Purgatory, the Invocation of Saints, and the Sacraments" as shown in Jones, William. Thus if the Roman position is true, it would seem to contradict Jesus’ teaching, as it would seem to be easier for a rich man/woman to get into heaven than a poor one who could not have as much almsgiving on his/her behalf. But even if all these facts did not exist, your own sagacity would prompt you to watch with diligence and with prayer, lest your pure minds should appear to share in the customs of a people so utterly depraved. A priest may say only one Mass each day, except that on Christmas Day he may say three (Adrian Fortescue. It seems that the form differed but little from what it is in our day. Unclean Meats Now the law has figuratively predicted all these, delineating man by the [various] animals: whatsoever of these, says [the Scripture], have a double hoof and ruminate, it proclaims as clean; but whatsoever of them do not possess one or other of these [properties], it sets aside by themselves as unclean... The "Liber Pontificalis" ascribes to Pope Eleutherius a decree that no kind of food should be despised by Christians (Et hoc iterum firmavit ut nulla esca a Christians repudiaretur, maxime fidelibus, quod Deus creavit, quæ tamen rationalis et humana est). In the flux of history, the papacy has been, not a mere spectator, but a major player. The Apostle Paul taught “we are ambassadors for Christ” (2 Corinthians ; Ephesians ). Therefore they must be slain by Antichrist (Victorinus. And I will grant my two witnesses power to prophesy for one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth. This prince shall extend his dominion over the total universe.
The next faithful leader in Asia Minor..Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna. The true Church, symbolized by a woman in Revelation 12, was forced to flee into the wilderness..true Church’s history is not about one continuous human organization. The predominant biblical name of the true Church in the New Testament is “Church of God.” Variants of this expression are clearly stated singular and plural forms in twelve different places in the New Testament (Acts ; 1 Corinthians 1:2; ; ,22; ;15:9; 2 Corinthians 1:1; Galatians ; 1 Thessalonians ; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; 1 Timothy 3:5,15). Synod Turns to More Tough Issues At Press Briefing, a Reminder That “Church Has No Authority or Power to Change the Word of God”. Thus we meet such phrases as the "the catholic resurrection" (Justin Martyr), "the catholic goodness of God" (Tertullian), "the four catholic winds" (Irenaeus), where we should now speak of "the general resurrection", "the absolute or universal goodness of God", "the four principal winds", etc... The term universal or "Catholic" was not in the Bible or shown in early writings to be the name of the true Church, simply a description of one aspect of it. That the terms bishop and presbyter are synonymous is evident from Titus 1:5-7: "I left thee in Crete, that thou shouldest . However, he was only one of 12 original apostles, and there is nothing in scripture that suggests that the place of his death (which is not known as a certainty) should become the permanent headquarters for the true church. But Polycarp also was not only instructed by apostles, and conversed with many who had seen Christ, but was also, by apostles in Asia, appointed bishop of the Church in Smyrna…always taught the things which he had learned from the apostles, and which the Church has handed down, and which alone are true. The Roman Catholics do not keep various practices of the faithful Smyrnaeans such as Passover on the 14th or the days of unleavened bread. Pentecost (Jewish Feast) The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XI. Since Asia Minor (including Smyrna) was a Gentile area, the terms preparation and Sabbath would not have been relevant. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series One, Volume 1. The Bible defines sin for us by telling us in 1 John 3:4: "To commit sin is to break God's law: sin, in fact, is lawlessness" (NEB). Paul explained in Romans 7:7 that he would have had no way of knowing that lust was a sin except that the law, the Tenth Commandment, said, "You shall not covet." Repentance involves a mindset of unconditional surrender to God of our life and our will. THE HOLY BIBLE The Holy Bible is the inspired Word of God. Augustine (fifth century) in his book of "Questions of Exodus" ("Quæstionum in Heptateuchum libri VII", Bk. "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. He seduces the people from Christ, drawing off their minds from seeking those blessings in him, by a lively faith in God, in Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Spirit, and teaching his followers to expect them by the *will and pleasure and works of Antichrist. Yet, the Roman Church indicates that giving money on behalf of the dead helps them. There is a heaven, i.e., God will bestow happiness and the richest gifts on all those who depart this life free from original sin and personal mortal sin, and who are, consequently, in the state of justice and friendship with God (Hontheim, Joseph. Further, it is quite likely that the mention of the Blessed Virgin in the intercessions of the diptychs of the liturgy goes back to the days before the Council of Nicaea, but we have no definite evidence upon the point, and the same must be said of any form of direct invocation, even for purposes of private devotion (Herbert Thurston. Inasmuch, then, as the Church offers with single-mindedness, her gift is justly reckoned a pure sacrifice with God..bread over which thanks have been given is the body of their Lord, and the cup His blood (Irenaeus. "For we could never tolerate celebrating the Passover twice in one year. The Mass is the complex of prayers and ceremonies that make up the service of the Eucharist in the Latin rites... For a time the Saint was denounced as a heretic and the symbol regarded as idolatrous...(Cruz JC. (1 Corinthians -24, Douay-Rheims) ..first Christians...simply used the bread that served as food. For as the pomegranate, with the rind containing it, has within it many cells and compartments which are separated by tissues, and has also many seeds dwelling in it, so the whole creation is contained by the spirit of God, and the containing spirit is along with the creation contained by the hand of God (Theophilus of Antioch. Wicked angels who followed Satan are in chains of darkness, imprisoned for their own folly (Jude 6). Read it: "When once the long suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing ...." That's when Jesus preached to the spirits or wicked angels — in the days of Noah, not during the time He was dead and buried in the grave! Not only is this not taught in the Bible, it is a violation of the sign Jesus said would prove His Messiahship in Matthew . March 21, 2015) As neither group teaches that Jonah descended to Hades to preach to humans, this is something that should not be taught, though this descent doctrine is taught as dogma by the Church of Rome. He also decreed that no kind of food in common use should be rejected especially by the Christian faithful, inasmuch as God created it; provided it was a rational food and fit for human kind (Book of the Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis) 2nd edition. Liverpool University Press - Translated Texts for Historians, Liverpool, 2001, p.17). Also, in another sense, standing in the presence of the lord of the earth, that is, in the presence of Antichrist. , and in a special way France, and in France especially the provinces of the north, of the east, and above all that of Lorraine and Champagne, shall have been laid waste by the greatest miseries and trials, then the provinces shall be comforted by a prince who had been exiled in his youth, and who shall recover the crown of the lilies.
The True Church Has the Faith of All the Apostles, Not Just One of Them Both teach that the true Church has the apostolic faith. In his old age, Polycarp even made a journey to Rome seeking to convince the bishop of Rome, Anicetus, of his errors in not celebrating the biblical Passover date and in observing, in its place, an annual Sunday Paschal observance (Easter) and a weekly celebration of "Eucharist" (Ogwyn J. And it is the COG that traces its leadership history from Peter to the Apostle John then essentially to Polycarp, and then through physical and spiritual successors of Polycarp (many of which are no longer known). Many Catholic devotions are based solely on private revelations: the Rosary, the Sacred Heart, and the Scapular are cases in point. They do not belong, however, to the deposit of faith. The Church allows freedom in accepting or rejecting particular or private prophecies according to the evidence for or against them. These are the things which defile a man" (Matthew -20). The Roman Catholics have accepted some teachings from Origen, but not all (nor should they have). But whether any of these orders who act under the government of the devil, and obey his wicked commands, will in a future world be converted to righteousness because of their possessing the faculty of freedom of will, or whether persistent and inveterate wickedness may be changed by the power of habit into nature, is a result which you yourself, reader, may approve of, if neither in these present worlds which are seen and temporal, nor in those which are unseen and are eternal, that portion is to differ wholly from the final unity and fitness of things (Origen. ..thus, through the numerous and uncounted orders of progressive beings who are being reconciled to God from a state of enmity, the last enemy is finally reached, who is called death, so that he also may be destroyed, and no longer be an enemy. It first occurs in his "De animâ et resurrectione" (P. It must, however, always be accepted as a principle that God does not chasten except to amend, and that the sole end of His greatest anger is the amelioration of the guilty... Joel ) and that God intends to save people “of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues” (Revelation 7:9). It is also of interest to note that this particular Marcus was a religious heretic with mystic practices. Both groups teach that Lent was not an original practice of the true church. Bede (De temporum ratione, I, v), relates to Estre, a Teutonic goddess of the rising light of day and spring... Samuele Bacchiocchi, in his book, From Sabbath to Sunday, acknowledges: "There is a wide consensus of opinion among scholars that Rome is indeed the birthplace of Easter-Sunday. Each Spring of the year, we hear a great deal about Jesus’ resurrection in connection with the custom of Easter. If the emperor interfered in church matters the pope's policy was to acquiesce if possible, unless obedience was sinful, according to the principle laid down in Epp. He who is chief among you collects a legion of blood-stained murderers, engaging to maintain them; and these ruffians are sent forth by him, and you assemble at the spectacle to be judges, partly of the wickedness of the adjudicator, and partly of that of the men who engage in the combat. At the beginning, in order to bring these happy results, having need of a powerful assistance, this holy Pontiff will ask the cooperation of the generous monarch of France (Great Monarch). John is a figure of the city of Rome, being so great, so proud of the Empire, and the destroyer of the saints. (Ancient Babylon was NOT a power, but end time Babylon is.) Even Catholic writers realize that the "Babylon" Jeremiah speaks of Jeremiah 51 is the "Roman Empire" as opposed to the ancient Babylon (Kurz, p. On May 27, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI warned that the world was becoming like ancient Babel (Babylon) and mentioned the Tower of Babel (Pope Discusses Modern ‘Tower of Babel’). But I and others, who are right-minded Christians on all points, are assured that there will be a resurrection of the dead, and a thousand years in Jerusalem, which will then be built, adorned, and enlarged, the prophets Ezekiel and Isaiah and others declare. The period after the consummation is to be the seventh day of creation--the Sabbath... Jerome said, "It is a common belief that the world will last 6,000 years." ... Perhaps it needs to be emphasized that the apparent view of the Roman Catholic Church (which I intend to document clearly in a later version of this article) is that all who happen to be alive at some time in the future when there is a Great Monarch who accompanied by a certain Pope will convert the world and nearly the whole world will be Catholic.
Paul...summoned "the presbyters of the Church", and in the course of his charge addressed them as follows: "Take heed to yourselves and to the whole flock, wherein the Holy Ghost has placed you bishops to tend [poimainein] the Church of God" (xx, 28) (Joyce GH. However, there is no actual proof of that, plus according to the Bible (Hebrews ) that is not possible (see also Was the Headquarters of the True Church Expected in Remain in One Location? The Church of God believes that the Bible is clear that John was a pillar with Peter (Galatians 2:9) and that after the Apostle Peter died, the Apostle John became the pre-eminent leader. The churches under his leadership remained one of the few areas where God’s Festivals continued to be observed throughout the remainder of the second century. Although both the Roman Catholics and COG acknowledge Polycarp was a successor to the apostles, only the Church of God continues Polycarp's practices such as observing the Passover on the biblical date, instead of Easter. Revelations which were recorded up to the days of Christ are known as public, biblical, or scriptural revelations... 67 Throughout the ages, there have been so-called “private” revelations, some of which have been recognized by the authority of the Church. "For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts,...blasphemies. And hence it is that the whole of this mortal life is full of struggles and trials, caused by the opposition and enmity of those who fell from a better condition without at all looking back, and who are called the devil and his angels, and the other orders of evil, which the apostle classed among the opposing powers. A time, then, will come, when all evil shall cease to be since it has no existence of its own apart from the free will, in which it inheres; when every free will shall be turned to God, shall be in God, and evil shall have no more wherein to exist. Origen teaches the apokatastasis, the final restoration of all intelligent creatures to friendship with God... From a document issued by Pope Paul VI in 1964: “Those who, through no fault of their own, do not know the Gospel of Christ or his Church, but who nevertheless seek God with a sincere heart, and, moved by grace, try in their actions to do his will as they know it through the dictates of their conscience — those too may achieve eternal salvation.” That covers the man on the island. The official Catholic catechism offers an even larger possible exception: God can do what God wants (The answer of where someone spends eternity depends on the denomination you ask. The Bible shows that salvation is now freely offered to both Jews and Gentiles (Acts -35; Romans -13; cf. It is of interest to note that the Roman Catholics now claim that Mary is in the eucharist, and Marcus may have been the first to associate a woman with a similar ceremony. Easter, Lent, and Ash Wednesday Both groups admit that Easter is a name of pagan origin, contains pagan elements, and essentially was adopted to replace the biblical passover. Conference 21, THE FIRST CONFERENCE OF ABBOT THEONAS. And that the early church did not observe Lent and that it did not adopt Ash Wednesday until many centuries after Christ was resurrected. 245 The apostolic faith concerning the Spirit was announced by the second ecumenical council at Constantinople (381) (Catechism of the Catholic Church. Gregory definitely held that it was a duty of the secular ruler to protect the Church and preserve the "peace of the faith" (Mor., XXXI, viii), and so he is often found to call in the aid of the secular arm, not merely to suppress schism, heresy, or idolatry, but even to enforce discipline among monks and clergy (Epp., I, lxxii; II, xxix; III, lix; IV, vii, xxxii; V, xxxii; VIII, iv; XI, xii, xxxvii; XIII, xxxvi). Do such exhibitions as these redound to your credit? It was Moses and Elijah who appeared with Christ in the Transfiguration on the Mount. Rome, weakened in temporal power, shall forever preserve her spiritual dominion, and shall enjoy great peace... After having wisely governed his kingdom, he will go in the end to Jerusalem and will lay down his sceptre and his crown upon the Mount of Olives. A new pastor of the universal church will come from the shore (of Dalmatia) through a celestial prodigy, and in simplicity of heart adorned with the doctrines of Jesus Christ. Tertullian also taketh it for Rome, thus, Babylon (saith he) in St. However, the coming final Babylon is a northern power also referred to as "the daughter of Babylon" in the end times in Jeremiah -42 and apparently Zechariah 2:6-7, hence it comes from a different geographical location. Christians and Jews, from the beginning of Christianity, and before, have taught that 6,000 years after the creation of Adam and Eve, the consummation will occur. The Church has rejected even modified forms of this falsification of the kingdom to come under the name of millenarianism, especially the "intrinsically perverse" political form of a secular messianism. This is thus a major difference between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of God.
Since many equate size to God's favor, they may improperly understand which of these churches is the true and faithful one. Which group best holds to the original teachings of the Christian faith? The Nicene Creed fittingly noted four marks of the True Church: one, holy, Catholic, and apostolic. Archdiocese of Washington, June 4, 2015 accessed 06/05/15) Contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3, NKJV), Let brotherly love (Philadelphia) continue (Hebrews 13:1)…continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles (Acts YLT). "You know the commandments: Do not commit adultery" (Luke ). And Jesus said to her...'sin no more'" (John 8:4,11). It should be noted that the current Pope, Benedict XVI, has re-looked into the doctrine of Limbo--and he questions it. Some stress too has been laid upon the objection that the ancient Christians had no clear conception of purgatory, and that they thought that the souls departed remained in uncertainty of salvation to the last day... We in the COG believe that the Bible teaches the idea that God has a plan that will give the non-elect an opportunity for salvation after this present age. The rabbit is a pagan symbol and has always been an emblem of fertility (Simrock, Mythologie, 551)... This was unacceptable to the Gentiles who later embraced Christianity, and who wished to continue with their Easter celebration. While both groups know the truth about Easter being a cross between a pagan holiday and Passover, only the COG continues to keep the biblical Passover. Actually, it is differences in the prophetic understandings of both groups that will have the most immediate negative effects on humankind in the very near future. And again He says, "Whosoever shall have left lands, or houses, or parents, or brethren, or children because of Me, he shall receive in this world an hundred-fold, and in that to come he shall inherit eternal life." For what are the hundred-fold [rewards] in this word, the entertainments given to the poor, and the suppers for which a return is made? Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses be without men, and the earth be left a desert. The poet Commodian (Instructiones, 41, 42, 44) as well as Lactantius (Institutiones, VII) proclaim the millennial realm and describe its splendour... In the early second century, Papias, who was a hearer of John and a friend of Polycarp (and is considered to have been a saint by Roman Catholics), in the second century, also taught about the millennial reign.
Even though Eastern Orthodox and others consider themselves Catholics, for this article, Roman Catholics are defined as those supporting the Roman Catholic Church (which is why the term "Roman" is used). Many of whose followers went throughout the world establishing congregations through the ages. These are the things which defile a man" (Matthew -20). "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer', but you have made it a den of thieves" (Matthew ). All these evil things come from within and defile a man" (Mark -23). "For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts...false witness... Perhaps it should be mentioned here that Jesus condemned the Pharisees of His day for lawlessness and hypocrisy (Matthew ), essentially because they changed how the ten commandments should be kept because of their traditions (Matthew 15:3-6). "For if on the foundation of Christ you have built not only gold and silver and precious stones (1 Corinthians 3); but also wood and hay and stubble, what do you expect when the soul shall be separated from the body? And both groups, when they refer to the Bible, tend to refer to the same basic passages for support (though we in real COG consider that the world to come is AFTER the second resurrection and the Roman Catholics seem to feel that it is a world that exists now and comes immediately after death--though they believe it is a future world as well--but basically the COG teaches that at a time in the future, all who are alive will be offered salvation and that many will accept it--the Catholics do not seem to have a similar plan for those that are dead prior to that other than purgatory). The Holy Spirit This is an area of major difference, although the earliest writings suggest that both groups originally held the same or similar positions. Augustine (De Trin., I, iii, 5), speaking with diffidence, says: "In no other subject is the danger of erring so great, or the progress so difficult, or the fruit of a careful study so appreciable". (but it has not yet been completed, check back later please). In like manner, [He said] that a grain of wheat would produce ten thousand ears, and that every ear would have ten thousand grains, and every grain would yield ten pounds of clear, pure, fine flour; and that apples, and seeds, and grass would produce in similar proportions; and that all animals, feeding then only on the productions of the earth, would become peaceable and harmonious, and be in perfect subjection to man." [Testimony is borne to these things in writing by Papias, an ancient man, who was a hearer of John and a friend of Polycarp, in the fourth of his books; for five books were composed by him...] (Fragments of Papias, IV). PAUL called to be an Apostle of JESUS Christ, by the will of God, and Sothenes a brother, To the Church of God that is at Corinth, to the sanctified in Christ JESUS, called to be saints, with all that invocate the name of our Lord JESUS Christ in every place of theirs and ours (1 Corinthians 1:2, St. Related to Peter, a major difference between the two churches is that the Roman Church claims Peter died in Rome and placed Linus in charge to succeed him, and that the true church would be traced through Rome. Polycarp became prominent during the first couple of decades of the second century. apparations and locutions with or without prophecies) are those which have been recorded since the days of Christ. Commandment 3 "Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men" (Matthew ). It is to be borne in mind, however, that certain beings who fell away from that one beginning of which we have spoken, have sunk to such a depth of unworthiness and wickedness as to be deemed altogether undeserving of that training and instruction by which the human race, while in the flesh, are trained and instructed with the assistance of the heavenly powers; and continue, on the contrary, in a state of enmity and opposition to those who are receiving this instruction and teaching. Paul be fulfilled: Deus erit omnia in omnibus (1 Corinthians ), which means that evil shall, ultimately, have an end, since, if God be all in all, there is no longer any place for evil (cols. Gregory of Nyssa, but is taken from Origen, who seems at times reluctant to decide concerning the question of the eternity of punishment... While the Church later rejected some of his opinions, there can be no doubt about Origen's intentions to remain faithful to the apostolic tradition (Sullivan F. From Apostles to Bishops: The Development of the Episcopacy in the Early Church. But “if they fail to respond in thought, word and deed to that grace, not only shall they not be saved, but they shall be the more severely judged.” What about non-Christians? If he was driven away from the church by nasty Christians, he may never truly have understood Jesus. This “good news” includes the truth that God will ultimately of Salvation: There Are Hundreds of Verses in the Bible Supporting the Doctrine of True Apocatastasis)... Instead, it is a round host that the says can/should be worshipped and adored (CCC #1378, p. Yet, there is no indication that the early Christians or the apostles did anything like that. Since Clement of Alexandria apparently was familiar with his writings and perhaps practices, it may be that it was at least partially from Marcus' influence that certain eucharistic practices were adopted... For more on the development of the host and other related matters, please see the article Marcus, the Marcosians, & Mithraism: Developers of the Eucharist? Howbeit you should know that as long as the primitive church retained its perfection unbroken, this observance of Lent did not exist (Cassian John. (day of ashes) which it bears in the Roman Missal is found in the earliest existing copies of the Gregorian Sacramentary and probably dates from at least the eighth century (Ash Wednesday. Thus, the Roman Catholics admit that the name Easter is the name of a pagan goddess, many of its practices are of pagan origin, and that the churches in Asia Minor (which they call the Orient) continued to observe Passover on the date that the Jews did, Nisan 14. Furthermore, they have tended to use world leaders to enforce their practices. And for these the witnesses take their seats, and the boxers meet in single combat, for no reason whatever, nor does any one come down into the arena to succour. Therefore it seems that the most logical identification of the Two Witnesses is the one generally accepted -- Moses and Elijah. Malachi says (4:5) Elijah shall come BEFORE the "Day of the Lord," and they probably will BEGIN their ministry before the "Day of the Lord" commences. In a sense, John the Baptist was Elijah fulfilling the prophecy of Mal. John the Baptist was NOT Elijah, as he plainly said, yet he came in the power and spirit of Elijah, and in that sense he was Elijah. The city of Babylon shall then be the head and guide of the world. That beast of the Apocalypse, to whom is given a mouth speaking blasphemies, and to make war with the saints, is sitting on the throne of Peter, like a lion ready for his prey. He will be the greatest and the last of all Monarchs. He will combat on behalf of the true orthodox faith, and shall subdue to his dominion the Mahometan Empire. But otherwise it signifieth the whole city of the Devil, that is, the universal corps of the reprobate. The Babylon near the Euphrates was not to arise again according to scripture (Jeremiah ). It has been the common opinion among Jews, Gentiles, and Latin and Greek Christians, that the present evil world will last no more than 6,000 years... 676 The Antichrist's deception already begins to take shape in the world every time the claim is made to realize within history that messianic hope which can only be realized beyond history through the eschatological judgment. And while the old Catholic Encyclopedia admits that the idea of millenarianism was abandoned once the Catholic Church had good relations with the Roman Empire, Pope Benedict claims that the reason to teach against millenarianism is that it shows that God has a plan of salvation beyond this age. The Vatican Council declares: "The Holy Ghost was not promised to the successors of Peter, in order that through His revelation they might manifest new doctrine: but that through His assistance they might religiously guard, and faithfully expound the revelation handed down by the Apostles, or the deposit of the faith" (Conc. The Church therefore is infallible in matters both of faith and morals...(Joyce G. The Church of God acknowledges that the term "Church of God" has been used by itself, or with other descriptive terms, throughout history. Yet the universal mission of the Church revealed itself but gradually. Peter indeed makes mention of it from the first (Acts ). This also goes against prophecies like Revelation 14:4. As a young man, Polycarp had been a personal disciple of John and had observed the Passover with him on several occasions. Officially according to Vatican II, the Roman Catholic Church bases its teachings on what has been called "Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition" (Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, Dei Verbum #9, Vatican Council II. This granted, it is impossible to be satisfied with the Bible alone for the solution of all dogmatic questions (Bainvel J. In addition to traditions claimed to have come from the apostles, private revelations outside the Bible have also been accepted, but are not required to be believed: Private revelations (i.e. My servants to..things sacrificed to idols" (Revelation ). The doctrine of the apokatastasis is not, indeed, peculiar to St. As a result, most of his works in the original Greek were destroyed... According to a document produced in 2000 by then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI), salvation comes through grace. A second judgment is the Great White Throne judgment (Revelation -12) which comes after the millennial reign of Jesus and His saints (Revelation 20:4-6), and then the judgment (perhaps the word sentence may also describe it) of Death and Hades (Revelation -14)... Yet, in the eucharistic ceremonies in the Catholic Church, the bread is not broken. And even if they are not, as will be shown later, some of the practices of consecration with mysterious invocations he was claimed to do were condemned in the second century--even though this is somewhat similar to practices adopted by the Roman and Orthodox Churches. 114) s are familiar with what the Bible teaches, the Church of God still "breaks bread" and did not adopt innovations such as the rounded host or adding the letters IHS. The Roman Catholic Church also allows, and sometimes encourages, its members to vote. Military Participation in Carnal Warfare Leaders of both groups clearly taught against being involved in carnal warfare until the third or fourth centuries. 3rd, after their testimony is ended, and they have been killed and resurrected, it says in verse 14 "the second woe is past," So the time of the ENDING of their "1260 days" prophesying is the time of the second woe, or the war in which Red Russia will be the aggressor. So it is likely the two witnesses will be two men who will come in the power and spirit of Elijah and Moses, or Enoch. Throughout the three-and-a-half years of their prophetic career, they will receive God’s supernatural protection, just as Elijah did many centuries earlier (cf. Their unburied bodies will lie in Jerusalem’s streets for three-and-a-half days, then they will be restored to life and will rise in the air, disappearing into the clouds while their enemies watch in shocked amazement (Revelation –12). As the only Pastor, he shall reunite the Eastern to the Western Church... Through him the East and West shall be in ever lasting concord. "that beast of the Apocalypse, to whom is given a mouth speaking blasphemies, occupies the chair of Peter, as a lion ready for the prey"? Bernard is not speaking of the Pope, but of the Antipope " ( It is now the time for action, because they have destroyed the law. Some of our Teachers say that a King of the Franks will possess the entire Roman Empire. His sword moved by Divine power will most valiantly defend the Church of Jesus Christ. Ambrose name, writeth thus: This...sometime signifieth Rome, specially which at that time when the Apostle wrote this, did persecute the Church of God. It should probably also be mentioned since "Mystery Babylon" of Revelation 17:9 sits on seven hills/mountains, yet the Babylon of Mesopotamia was on a plain, that obviously, this is a changed location from the Babylon of Old Testament times. It is the time when the Seventh Millennium will set in, and will be the day of Sabbath in the plan of creation... 515-516; note the comments within  were from the Catholic writer Birch). It was the leaders in Asia Minor who stood for the Millennium and were the first to oppose Montanism--whom the Roman Catholics originally tolerated (please see section later in this article called Early Heretics; also this is mentioned in the article Location of the Early Church)--hence the belief in one is NOT necessarily related to the other.The terms Catholic, Holy See, and Roman Catholic may be used interchangeably here to refer to the church whose headquarters occupies Vatican City. 566) And since both the Roman Catholic Church and COG consider that there is true Christianity, documenting the beliefs of both groups should assist any pursing honest inquiry. The list of his successors in the see is known, from Linus, Anacletus, and Clement, who were the first to follow him, down to the reigning pontiff. Both proclaim that the true church has the same mission and the same teachings as the apostles. He established firmly in the latter city a famous centre of Christian life... John traveled much throughout Asia Minor and has always been credited with the first establishment of many of its episcopal sees... Peter, too, preached the Christian Faith in Asia Minor (Shahan, Thomas J. LIMBUS PATRUM Though it can hardly be claimed, on the evidence of extant literature, that a definite and consistent belief in the limbus patrum of Christian tradition was universal among the Jews, it cannot on the other hand be denied that, more especially in the extra-canonical writings of the second or first centuries B. It is manifest that the fire destroys the wood of our transgressions and then returns to us the reward of our great works." (P. Roman Catholic Church: In the thirteenth century, the famed Catholic theologian Thomas Aquinas wrote the following: Nothing is clearly stated in Scripture about the situation of Purgatory, nor is it possible to offer convincing arguments on this question. But after these things he must be released for a little while.The term Catholic is not intended to convey the Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, or other non-Roman Catholic churches, though in some early writings cited (prior to 200 A. 2104 "All men are bound to seek the truth, especially in what concerns God and his Church, and to embrace it and hold on to it as they come to know it." (Catechism of the Catholic Church. The Original and True Church Both the Roman Catholic Church and COG teach that they are the original and true Church, but because of their many differences, only one still could be. The Church has ever seen in the occupant of the See of Rome the successor of Peter in the supreme pastorate (Joyce G. And of course, there is no legitimate type of apostolic succession without that. C., some such belief finds repeated expression; and New Testament references to the subject remove all doubt as to the current Jewish belief in the time of Christ Whatever name may be used in apocryphal Jewish literature to designate the abode of the departed just, the implication generally is In the New Testament, Christ refers by various names and figures to the place or state which Catholic tradition has agreed to call the limbus patrum... It is probable, however, and more in keeping with the statements of holy men and the revelations made to many, that there is a twofold place of Purgatory. And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them.